On this date in 1863 the creation of the all-Black Fifty-fourth Massachusetts Infantry was born.

Robert Gould Shaw, a prominent Boston abolitionist family, organized the Fifty-fourth and was appointed colonel of the Fifty-fourth in February of that year by Massachusetts’s governor John A. Andrew.

The 54th was one of the first Black units organized in the northern states, it remains the most famous Black regiment of the war, due largely to the popularity of the movie “Glory,” which narrates their story prior to, and including, the attack on Fort Wagner.